Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid makes an excessive amount of thyroid hormones. It’s commonly caused by Grave’s disease and it affects a number of vital organs in the body such as the reproductive and digestive system, nervous system, lungs, muscles, and more.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms include weight loss, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, pregnancy issues, diarrhea, fatigue and exhaustion, hair loss, skin changes and patches, goiter and thyroid enlargement, mood swings, insomnia, panic attacks, and a lot more.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
There could be many causes for hyperthyroidism but the most common is Grave’s disease where the thyroid gland is being mistakenly targeted by antibodies, resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormone. Other causes for hyperthyroidism include different forms of thyroiditis, over intake of iodine, viral infection or inflammation of the thyroid gland, smoking, stress and anxiety, non-cancerous growths of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland, tumors of the ovaries or testes, and taking large amounts of thyroid hormones.
Risk Factor for Hyperthyroidism
There are a lot of possible risk factors for hyperthyroidism, and these can be attributed to genetics or family history, pregnancy, gender and iodine intake among others. Listed below are some of these risk factors:
• Family History – having a history of thyroid problems or autoimmune conditions in the family can increase the risk for hyperthyroidism.
• Gender – it is well known fact that this autoimmune condition affects mostly women as much as 8 times more than men.
• Pregnancy – during and after pregnancy women have a greater chance of acquiring hyperthyroidism due to their iodine requirement in both mother and the fetus.
• Smoking – this very bad habit proves time and time again its dangerous many effects in the body – from lung cancer to heart problems, and hyperthyroidism is no exception.
• Thyroid Traumas – this includes thyroid surgery, thyroid manipulation, and thyroid injuries like car accidents.
• Excess of Iodine Intake – whether in the form of food nourishments or drug supplements high iodine intake can possibly lead to hyperthyroidism
• Anxiety and Stress – stress and anxiety likewise can trigger hyperthyroidism among some people, as stress and anxiety are not only limited to this condition, it can trigger a lot of medical conditions if it’s not properly managed.
• Patients Employing Drugs to treat other form of thyroid related problems – some drugs either prescriptions or pharmaceuticals can trigger Grave’s disease or hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed with the following tests:
• TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) level, which is usually low
• T3 and free T4 levels are usually high
To diagnose Grave’s disease you’ll need to also have thyroid antibodies test as well.
Tests that may be affected by hyperthyroidism are:
• Radioactive iodine uptake
• Cholesterol test
• Glucose test
• Vitamin B12
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