Thyroid Disease 101

Nearly 10% of the US population has thyroid disease and half of them don’t even know it. Women are nearly seven times more likely to develop thyroid disease than men.

What is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland, located in the front of the neck just below the larynx. For gland this small, it can cause big problems and wreak havoc in your body when not functioning right. The thyroid releases hormones that control your metabolism. The main function of this gland is to produce Triiodothyronine (T3) hormones and thyroxine (T4) hormones, as these hormones are essential in providing the much needed energy of every cell of the body. Thyroid disease poses particular problems for women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or trying to conceive, and weight problems and difficulty losing weight are unfortunate side effects for a lot of thyroid patients.

Thyroid Disease and Conditions

• Hypothyroidism – an underactive thyroid, which means that your thyroid is not producing enough thyroid hormones. One of the most common causes of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s disease, in which the thyroid is slowly being attack by antibodies, rendering it unable to produce thyroid hormones. Among the symptoms of hypothyroidism are fatigue, weight gain, slow heart rate, mood changes, anxiety and depression, to name just a few.

• Hyperthyroidism – an overactive thyroid that can result in overproducing thyroid hormones; one of the most common causes for hyperthyroidism is Grave’s disease, in which the thyroid gland is attack by antibodies, causing it to over produce thyroid hormones.

• Goiter/Thyroid Nodules/ Thyroid Cancer – an enlarged thyroid due to Grave’s and Hashimoto’s diseases, nutritional deficiencies, or other thyroid imbalances. Thyroid nodules in the thyroid gland come in the form of solid or liquid cysts, bumps, lumps, and tumors, as these can be cancerous and benign or both. Thyroid cancers are malignant thyroid nodules, and this type of cancer is typically rare.

• Thyroiditis – the inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

Thyroid Disease Treatments

Among the various treatments for a thyroid disease, surgery is typically a common option in treating thyroid cancers, some forms of goiters or nodules, and even hyperthyroidism. Thyroid drugs are likewise essential in treating a thyroid disease among patients that have the disorder, as these may come in the form of thyroid hormone replacement drugs. It is also important to learn all about thyroid hormone replacement medication, as these can provide valuable insights and know-how of any vital drug treatments for thyroid disease.
In treating hyperthyroidism or Grave’ disease antithyriod drug treatment, radioactive iodine ablation, and surgery for an overactive thyroid gland are considered as both effective and efficient in treating this autoimmune condition. Some people may not feel well even after these treatments. Fortunately, there are solutions for this, as there are a lot of ways to feel well even with thyroid disease like having a good doctor, staying informed on the latest in thyroid treatments, specialized nutrition, supportive friends and loved ones, and a lot more.

Doctors for Your Thyroid Disease

It is essential to seek and find the best doctor or medical professional in treating thyroid disease and to work well and effectively with that medical professional or practitioner. As you might know from some of my other articles getting diagnosed was very hard in my case despite the fact that I saw many doctors because they were not knowledgeable in this area. You would expect that a doctor would be able to recognize such telltale symptoms like lower body temperature and sensitivity to cold but that wasn’t the case. That’s not to say that this would happen to you as there are many good doctors who are very good at what they do. A specialist in endocrine disorders like thyroid disease is called an endocrinologist or thyroidologist and they can typically provide the right diagnosis and course of treatment. Also consider visiting a naturopath as they concentrate on treating the body as a whole as opposed to isolating just one organ for treatment.

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Filed in: thyroid disease, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s disease, Grave’s disease, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules





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About Author

Petra Mitova is the author of the best-selling ebook "Overcoming Hypothyroidism: The Ultimate Guide to Recovery." She's dedicated to helping patients empower themselves by providing patient-oriented information about thyroid disease - whether you suffer from hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism or any other form of thyroid disease, feel free to browse our website and learn about thyroid disease diagnosis, treatment options, natural remedies and more.

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